A Descriptive Analysis of Anglicisms Used in Ecuadorian Newspapers

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UNIVERSIDAD TÉCNICA PARTICULAR DE LOJA

La Universidad Católica de Loja

ESCUELA DE CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACION

MENCION INGLÉS

MODALIDAD ABIERTA Y A DISTANCIA

A DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF ANGLICISMS

USED IN ECUADORIAN NEWSPAPERS

Research done in order to achieve

The Bachelor´s Degree in Teaching

English as a Foreign Language

AUTHOR: GALARZA GUEVARA SANTOS MARINA

DIRECTOR: LCDO. PAREDES ZUÑIGA FABIAN MARCELO

CENTRO UNIVERSITARIO QUITO

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i

CERTIFICATION

Lcdo. Fabian Marcelo Paredes Zuñiga, Thesis advisor CERTIFIES THAT:

This research has been thoroughly revised by the graduation committee. Therefore authorizes the presentation of this thesis, which complies with all the norms and internal requirements of the Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja.

Loja, september 2010

………..

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ii

CONTRATO DE CESIÓN DE DERECHOS DE TESIS DE GRADO

Yo, Santos Marina Galarza Guevara declaro ser autora del presente trabajo y eximo expresamente a la Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja y a sus representantes legales de posibles reclamos o acciones legales.

Adicionalmente declaro conocer y aceptar la disposición del Art.67 del Estatuto Orgánico de la Universidad Técnica particular de Loja que en su parte pertinente textualmente dice: "Formar parte del patrimonio de la Universidad la propiedad intelectual de investigaciones, trabajos científicos o técnicos y tesis de grado que se realicen a través, o con el apoyo financiero, académico o institucional (operativo) de la Universidad"

_______________________ Santos Marina Galarza Guevara

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iii

AUTHORSHIP

The thoughts, ideas, opinions, and the information obtained through this research are the responsibility of the author

____________________ Santos Marina Galarza Guevara

Author

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iv

DEDICATION

This thesis is dedicated to my sons, who supported me during the endless yet rewarding hours devoted to my work.

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v

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I have to thank specially to God who has always guided me. I would like to thank to the Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Modalidad Abierta y a Distancia, which has allowed me to achieve the Bachelor´s degree in teaching English as a foreign language, and especially to my thesis advisor Lcdo. Fabian Marcelo Paredes Zuñiga.

It is essential for me to acknowledge the sacrifices made by my sons Antonio and Benjamin who understand me and help me to follow ahead, for the encouragement and patience showed in this hard and long process, and all those who were around me.

To all the people who know me, I am really aware of not being able to name all of you, but somehow you helped to shape the person who I am.

Thank you

Santos Marina Galarza Galarza

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vi

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CERTIFICATION i

CONTRATO DE CESIÓN DE DERECHOS ii

AUTHORSHIP iii

DEDICATION iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS v

TABLE OF CONTENTS vii

ABSTRACT 1

INTRODUCTION 2

METHODOLOGY 6

RESULTS 13 DISCUSSION 62

Theoretical Background 62

Description and Analysis of Results 97

Conclusions 138

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1

ABSTRACT

Uses and applications of Anglicisms in the daily speech by the Spanish speaking communities, especially by our mass of communication constitute the leading purpose of this research.

When conducting this research the main newspapers of Quito were

used, during a week the papers were collected and the instruments used to

complete this work were opinion polls and interviews which were applied to

some students, teachers, linguists from different educational institutions,

two frequent readers and some people who do not have any relationship

with educational aspects nor the healthy habit of reading, so that different

opinions from different sectors of the society can be attained as part of this

research.

The results found in this research express that people, who do not

have any relation regarding education, ignore about the problem of the

abuse or overuse of Anglicisms in Spanish, even though they are frequent

users of Anglicisms without having any idea of their real meanings and how

they affect the original languages, in this case, Spanish.

The most important conclusion is that in our country is very common

for people to add to their daily speech some new words that come from

English or other languages, because of our high level of consumption, we

just receive manufactured products and, of course, they come with

established names or instructions in the language from the countries of

origin, or the most used terms around the world, so people just copy or

name them in the same way. This is the reason why society accepts and

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2

INTRODUCTION

Certainly, culture is not determined by the mankind but by the technicality and mechanicism, because of the advances of science and technology. This steady technological advance suggests the creation of new words or to coin different meaning for the existing ones. There are more techniques and instruments which facilitate the production and dissemination of ideas, even more the creation of new linguistic behaviors; these new behaviors are presented by the mass media, especially by newspapers and Internet which are the mediators between people and the new words created by technology and science. These anglicisms are most of the time used in our languages because of the influence that foreign technology has in our society, and how it affects the original language in the society are the main points to carry out this research.

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3 Although the tendency of mixing mother language and English words appeared long time ago, people have just started to notice these changes. We consider that this topic has a relevant level of importance because our society is changing day after day and a clear reflection of this process is the used language, the expressions, the new ways of behavior. In many cases, it seems that people in our country are losing their cultural identity, because of the alienation coming from other countries through the migrants.

As active citizens and part of a society, which use an influenced language as Spanish, it is a great responsibility to be updated on the topics which affect our daily communication. We receive a lot of information by e-mail, text messages, and we share new techniques to be a better person or professional; in many cases, these messages contain foreign words. People prefer to use these words instead of their corresponding translations in Spanish and they modify their normal speech or daily expressions by new ones coming from other languages, especially English. The ways the language is used were the main motivation to conduct this investigation. The use of ICT’S in the classroom to produce a more effective learning process was a great help trying to understand why people use some English words and why other words are disappearing in Spanish.

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4 newspapers for more than a week. The interview was applied to literature teachers, linguistic teachers, a language teaching trainer, two frequent readers, and other people to have different opinions and a complete vision about reading habits. The opinion poll was applied to some students, teachers, and administrative staff in two completely different high schools.

To develop our paper, the following objectives were identified which are going to be commented on, taking as source of information the results obtained through our research program about the Anglicisms people use in their daily speech.

• To determine the level of influence of the English language on the

linguistic expressions used in the Ecuadorian newspapers.

By using the results of our research, it can be concluded that the means of communication have a deep impact on the behavior of the society and the words, which they use, have a big influence on the way people talk to each other, because newspaper readers consider everything that is written on them as true or good because of the newspapers said, and in some cases it is not.

• To identify syntactic and lexical anglicisms more commonly used

in newspaper material in Ecuador.

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5 • To make a sound analysis of the anglicisms found in the

Ecuadorian newspapers regarding etymological, syntactic-semantic and morphological aspects.

By carrying out this analysis, it was observed that there are some English words which have been already accepted by Real Academia Española because of their extended use, and there are other words which are used with much more frequency but they are not accepted yet. In other cases, there are some words that Spanish speakers use with a totally different meaning from their original one in English.

• To determine the written sections of Ecuadorian newspapers in

which anglicisms are mostly used.

After a thorough investigation it was possible to determine that the sections with more anglicisms depend on the newspaper but the sections with more anglicisms are: classified ads section, news section and social pages.

• To know the level of acceptance Ecuadorians have on the use of

anglicisms in newspapers.

Based on our research program we could say that Ecuadorians have a high level of acceptance of the use of anglicisms and other words which come from other languages as well.

 

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6

METHODOLOGY

This part of the paper has detailed information about conducting the research such as the steps to build the theoretical background, the activities to complete the charts in the field research, the tabulation process, and the analysis to obtain some interesting conclusions.

The process of collecting information lasted several months to achieve a good theoretical background. Some libraries and Internet places were visited to look for some information about the last researches carried out, especially the investigations performed in the last 10 years; an example of the document that was read is the one created by Alvarez (2003) from the University of Wisconsin, which has a report of her studies in Mexico about the importation of some words from English applied to the journalism; Labrada (2003) has another interesting document about the use of some words coming from English applied in the journalism and by some journalists in the latin american means of communication (called mass media, effects of the anglicisms) in USA.

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7 which had motivated some linguists to carry out studies about this phenomenon that is not new but now it is stronger and it is affecting to the mother language of different countries.

Countries such as Spain, Costa Rica, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, and others have received some information of some studies accomplished in their universities or language institutes about the influence of English on their Spanish speakers; in our country, there is not any research, so many studies done in other places had to be read and had to be used to sketch the ideas about the development of this topic.

By creating the theoretical background, an intensive reading about a lot of documents had to be done, besides some other reader activities such as: underlining and highlighting new and interesting aspects of the readings, summarizing some texts, and analyzing the charts and reports to establish difference between some terms. Enough written material in Spanish and some information in English were found to hold on the ideas written in this paper.

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8 anglicisms and barbarisms in Spanish could be found, and they were used as the base of our research at the beginning.

As Quito is the place of my residence, some newspapers were selected to do the analysis, and they were EL COMERCIO as the national newspaper, LA HORA as the local newspaper and EL EXTRA as the tabloid; the newspapers were collected for a week, the period was from October 1st to October 8th. With the corresponding material,

the work began with the reading and underlining of the words that were considered anglicisms in personal criteria; continuing with this process, personal lists were written down (day by day, section by section) which were compared with the ones presented in the books and finally the charts were completed. From the reading process, eight lists were written, and the next step was the comparison between the words of the lists and created just one list from each section with all the words, the frequency and examples were written according to their appearances in the subvariables. Finally, the process was reduced to 15 charts, just five charts (one per section) for each newspaper. The charts 16, 17, 18 are a summary of each newspaper of how many words there are in each section and their equivalent in percentages. The last chart, 19, is the list about the most frequent anglicisms in all variables the (newspapers).

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9 newspapers such as the tabloids which have a high level of use of Anglicisms in an unnecessary way, maybe because of a poor academic command of our language.

After that, thirty words were selected as the most frequently repeated in almost all the newspapers, and in some cases they are used with one meaning in our Spanish that is totally different from the original. These selected words have a description or a complete linguistic analysis.

As the linguistic analysis was one of the objectives, many information was looked for in some physical books or dictionaries, such as: COLLINS COBUILD – ENGLISH LANGUAGE DICTIONARY (1993), CAMBRIDGE DICTIONARY OF AMERICAN ENGLISH (2000), REAL ACADEMIA ESPAÑOLA DICTIONARY (vigésima segunda edición, 2001) and some web places were visited such as: REAL ACADEMIA ESPAÑOLA DICTIONARY (on line), CLAVE DICTIONARY (on line) and MERRIAM WEBSTER (on line), and in this way a complete morphological, semantic-syntactic and etymological analysis could have done.

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10 advertisement of almost all the newspapers and in the tabloids. The use of Anglicisms depends on the topic of the news, the social status of readers and writers, the intention of the messages, the elements which are been sold or offered and how good people are familiar with technology. By applying these results in the sections, the obtained results are: in first place the section which uses more anglicisms is the ads section; in second place are the news and the social pages; sports and reports have the least level of use of anglicisms.

To do the sociological analysis, the following techniques were used: observation, interviews and surveys or opinion polls; after the application of these techniques.

The descriptive method was used to carry out this research because we made an observation about an actual and real phenomenon, collect data, tabulation process, interpretation and analysis from the results.

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11 there are some words accepted by the Real Academia Espanola de la Lengua and a big number of words which are not accepted yet.

The techniques used were the interview and the survey or opinion poll: some specific instruments had to be designed, such as: the questions for the interview, the questions and sentences for an opinion poll about the level of acceptance and frequent use of the anglicisms. The observation was done from the newspapers for more than a week. The interview was done to two Literature teachers in a high school, a linguistic worker in a university, a language teaching trainer in a university and two frequent readers. The opinion poll was applied to some students in two completely different high schools, as the same time some language teachers, secretaries and English teachers.

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12 of anglicisms, the opinion poll was applied to people classified by age, and we consider it was a successful activity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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13

RESULTS

In this section we are going to present part of the extended investigation process which was carried out. People could read the names of the newspapers used in this research and the most used words in Spanish which come from English.

As Quito is the place of the residence of the author, the research was conducted here, in the capital city by using the informative resources available in this city, well- known newspapers that have a high level of sales because of the acceptation of people. Following the task, the newspapers were collected for a week (seven days) and they are: EL COMERCIO, LA HORA, and EL EXTRA. The papers were collected from October 1st to October 8th. It was not easy

but it was really interesting to know how people have adopted new words during the whole life and now their words have changed their original meanings through the years.

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14

QUALITATIVE TABULATION

 

Chart Nº ONE

Variable National Newspaper EL COMERCIO Subvariable News

Anglicisms Examples Wo rd rep e ti ti on num b er

Title of the article

Date

Bus Sin buses

articulados…

10 24 fallas en la vía

Marín – Quitumbe

01-10-09

Festival Festival de artes 4 Hoy comienza la

fiesta de las artes al aire libre

01-10-09

1 Francia en el

festival

01-10-09

Club Presidente del club 1 Angel Coronel fue

el héroe de Atacucho

01-10-09

Líder Los líderes llegan a

Macas

2 La CONAIE

dialogará en Puyo 01-10-09 1 Los campamentos de Reyes en Ecuador 01-10-09

4 El líder de

Barranca Bermeja, asesinado

01-10-09

1 Morett, en el

código rojo de la Interpol

01-10-09

4 Las cacerolas

resonaron en 3 ciudades

01-10-09

Mall Recogen pasajeros en

malls

1 Asaltantes investigados por varios delitos

01-10-09

Fútbol Jugaba fútbol con

sus amigos

1 Angel Coronel fue

el héroe en Atacocha

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15

Microsoft Director general de

Microsoft

2 Director General

de Microsoft

01-10-09

Stock Semanal de stocks 1 El barril de crudo

subió

01-10-09

Bus Que los choferes de

buses infringen

2 La actual ley de

tránsito

02-10-09

1 Un plan para

ampliar las vias

02-10-09

Club Del club ecológico 2 Los shuar

cerraron vias

02-10-09

Líder Reunión del ex

líder

5 León Febres

Cordero, aún sigue siendo, un líder

02-10-09

3 El presidente no

descarta viajar a Pastaza

02-10-09

2 La política ronda

en todo ámbito

02-10-09

5 Hare todo para

unificar a la gran familia

02-10-09

Internet Los diarios en el

internet

1 La prensa

evidenció fallas en el proceso

02-10-09

Record Presidente bate el

record

1 El encanto rural

llama la atención

02-10-09

Show Tomo agua y fue a

un show….

1 La prensa

evidenció fallas en el proceso

02-10-09

Turismo Del turismo en el

Oriente..

1 Los Shuar

cerraron los ingresos a Macas

02-10-09

Web En la página Web del

IEESS…

2 IEESS libera

desde hoy fondos de reserva

02-10-09

Facebook Como facebook… 2 El envío de

mensajes es a gran velocidad

03-10-09

Jeans Lucen jeans

desgastados

1 Los Shuar no

ceden y

continúan en las protestas

03-10-09

Marketing Gerente de

marketing

2 La micro usa la

web para..

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16

Netbook Gana una netbook… 1 El servicio y la

facturación

03-10-09

Ranking Con un ranking de la

firma Alexa…

1 La micro usa la

web

03-10-09

Web Usan web 8 La Unión Base

tiene web

03-10-09

Bus Un vehículo pequeño

y un bus

2 Gran Choque en

vía Simón Bolívar

03-10-09

Laptop Comercializa laptops 1 La micro usa la

web para el comercio

03-10-09

1 Un operativo en

las cachinerias

04-10-09

Líder Ese instante los

líderes

2 El acuerdo

gobierno e indígenas va

04-10-09

1 La federación de

judiciales

04-10-09

1 Los niños

elegirán sus líderes

04-10-09

Web Encuenta en la web 1 Web 04-10-09

Celular Atienden el celular… 1 Kafka la cultura 05-10-09

Web Nuestra página web 1 Tras la euforia

inicial

05-10-09

Bus 20 buses de diferentes lugares

1 Rafael Correa y

los indígenas en reunión

05-10-09

1 Tras la euforia

inicial

05-10-09

Software Del gigante de

software

2 What”s news 07-10-09

Bus Viajaban en bus 4 Jueces acuerdan

dictar ley

07-10-09

2 Grito de la

libertad

07-10-09

2 El Comercio en

Quito

07-10-09

Líder En radio líder

indígena dice..

2 Correa se reúne

con líderes

07-10-09

1 Honduras: la

OEA facilita el diálogo

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17

1 Los Shuar

alteraron las vías

07-10-09

Web La pagina web de la

secretaría

1 Punto de enlace

en la web

07-10-09

Fútbol Partido de fútbol…. 1 Barrera, en silla

de ruedas

07-10-09

Bus Llegaron en buses 1 Los maestros

ocuparon el parque El Arbolito

08-10-09

Cheque Letras de cambio,

cheques, y ..

1 La policía

sospecha de Banda juvenil

08-10-09

Líder Será otro según sus

líderes

1 El FMI será otro

después del paro

08-10-09

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18

Chart Nº TWO

Variable National Newspaper EL COMERCIO Subvariable Ads

Anglicisms Examples Word re p e ti tion nu m b e

r Title of the

article

Date

Challenger Visite el challenger

de Tenis

2 Sports 01-10-09

Club Club de Karate

invita..

1 Sports 01-10-09

Festival El FITE- FESTIVAL

invita

1 Events 01-10-09

Marketing De marketing

hotelero

1 Jobs and services 01-10-09

Servi express Utilice su

servi-express

2 Jobs and services 01-10-09

Tenis Hoy challenger de

Tenis

1 Sports 01-10-09

Free days Oportunidad hoy

Free-days

1 Jobs and

Services

02-10-09

Club El club de danza

invita

1 Arts 02-10-09

1 Music 02-10-09

1 Sports 02-10-09

rock Rock de los niños

agrios, hoy

2 Músic 02-10-09

Call center Call center

personal…

1 Jobs and

Services

02-10-09

collys Bulldog collys… 1 Animals 02-10-09

Beagle Miniaturas yorkys

beagle

1 Animals 02-10-09

Bulldog Bulldogs, collys….. 1 Animals 02-10-09

LCD Televisores LCD…. 1 Merchandise 02-10-09

lunch Lunch inteligencia

organizacional…

1 Jobs and services 02-10-09

Golf Tenis golf club invita

a niños

1 Sports 02-10-09

Hardware Hardware… 1 Tecnology 02-10-09

Supervisor Se necesita

supervisor

1 Jobs and services 02-10-09

Web Anuncios en la

página web del ..

1 Jobs and

Services

02-10-09

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19 1 Automobile 03-10-09

Golden Hermosos cachorros

golden

1 Animals 03-10-09

Bulldog Bulldogs cachorros 1 Animals 03-10-09

Tenis Liquidación de

zapatos tenis

1 Merchandise 03-10-09

Power point Persona que domine

bien power point

1 Jobs and services 03-10-09

Word Necesito persona

trabaje en Word

1 Jobs and services 03-10-09

Excel Asistente necesita

compañía sepa

excel..

1 Jobs and services 03-10-09

Squash Departamentos 1,2

dormitorios, Piscina,

squash,

Apartment 03-10-09

USD USD 7.600 pásate a

vivir en nueva casa

2 Houses 03-10-09

Jeans Talleres de maquila

para jeans

1 Merchandise 03-10-09

Internet Vendo Bazar

internet

1 Markets 03-10-09

Full Chevrolet full extras 15 Automobile 03-10-09

Broker Empresa necesita

bróker

1 Jobs and services 03-10-09

Spa Hotel spa vendo en

Machachi

1 Spa 03-10-09

Self Service Cocina industrial 8

self service

1 Merchandise 03-10-09

Market Market bien

ubicado..

1 Market 03-10-09

Stock Por su amplio stock

de repuestos

2 Merchandise 03-10-09

Email Tu email enviar…. 2 Jobs and

Services

03-10-09

Sport Grand vitara sport 3 Automobile 03-10-09

Beagle Vendo cachorros

Beagle

2 Animals 03-10-09

2 Animals 04-10-09

Golden Vendo Golden 3 Animals 04-10-09

Bulldog Cachorro bulldog 3 Animals 04-10-09

Club Visite el nuevo club

de tenis

2 Sports 04-10-09

Web Habra la página Web

y vea nuestros

1 Jobs and

Services

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20

Tenis Liquidación de

zapatos de tenis

1 Merchandise 04-10-09

Full Vendo Toyota full

extras

25 Automobile 04-10-09

Fútbol Inscribete Disciplinas

de fútbol

1 Sports 04-10-09

Games Cds de games… 1 Merchandise 04-10-09

Jockey club 2 dormitorios en

jockey club

1 Houses 04-10-09

LCD Llévate un LCD de 42

pulgadas…

3 Merchandise 04-10-09

Spa Hotel spa vendo en

Machachi

1 Spa 04-10-09

Market Vendo market junto

a U.Central

4 Market 04-10-09

Básquet Futbol y básquet… 1 sports 04-10-09

Blackberry llegaron

Blackberries

6 Cell phones 04-10-09

Bluetooth Tecnología bluetooth 1 Tecnology 04-10-09

Campus Campus Machala y

sabanilla

2 Institutions 04-10-09

CD Libros, revista o

CD

1 Merchandise 04-10-09

Chequear Servicios para

chequear su internet

1 Jobs and

Services

04-10-09

Self Service Cocina indistrial 8

Self service

1 Job and Services 04-10-09

DVD Los libros, revistas

CD y DVD

1 Merchandise 04-10-09

Email Secretarias enviar

email

2 Jobs and

Services

04-10-09

Marketing Administración, finanzas,

marketing

3 Institutions 04-10-09

2 Institutions 04-10-09

Stock Llantas en stock 1 Merchandise 04-10-09

Jeep Vendo Jeep flamante 3 Automobile 04-10-09

Broker Aseguradora necesita

bróker

1 Jobs 04-10-09

Wireless La tecnología

wireless

1 Tecnology 04-10-09

Airbags Seis airbags para

chevrolet

1 automobile 04-10-09

Netbook Una de las 40

netbook

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21

Software Esta incluido el

software

3 Tecnology 04-10-09

Flash Gran stock de

Flashes

1 Merchandise 04-10-09

Bus Bus con puesto 1 Automobile 04-10-09

1 Automobile 05-10-09

Beagle Cachorros beagle 1 Animals 05-10-09

Web Colegios, hacemos

web

2 Institutions 05-10-09

Shopping Quicentro shopping

frente a

2 Market 05-10-09

Blackberry Blackberry nuevo 2 Cell phones 05-10-09

Chip Chips para celular 1 Cell phones 05-10-09

CD Cds de calidad 2 merchandise 07-10-09

Bus Vendo bus 1 Automobile 07-10-09

Club Señoritas para Club

karaoke

1 Jobs and

Services

07-10-09

Stand Adquiera en nuestro

stand

1 Merchandise 07-10-09

Email Vendedor enviar su

email

4 Jobs and

Services

07-10-09

Fast food Comics, fast food 1 Jobs and

Services

07-10-09

Shopping En el Quicentro

shopping esta..

2 Market 08-10-09

Web Creamos su web 5 Jobs and

Services

08-10-09

Airbags Para Datzun, airbags 2 Automobile 08-10-09

Call center Llama a nuestro call

center

1 Jobs and

Services

08-10-09

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22

Chart Nº THREE Variable National Newspaper EL COMERCIO

Subvariable Social Pages

Anglicisms Examples Word re p e ti tion nu m b e

r Title of the

article

Date

Festival El festival de las

artes al aire libre…

5 El festival de las

artes.

01-10-09

Thriller Recorrido del

thriller….

1 La robótica

intenta producir más

02-10-09

Reggae Jóvenes al ritmo de

reggae

1 Artistas presentan Hoy

02-10-09

Hip-hop mueve a todos

Hip-hop

1 Espectáculo 03-10-09

Gay No estoy en contra de

los gays

1 Green Day en

España

03-10-09

Marketing El gerente de

marketing

1 Las puertas

termosol

03-10-09

Tanque En otro tanque… 1 Un experto en

Construcción

03-10-09

Bus Tomo un bus… 1 Ellas le pusieron

la droga

04-10-09

Clown Desde que soy

clown

2 Uno de mis

comics

04-10-09

Youtube Hablaban del

youtube

1 El punto de vista 04-10-09

Rock Entradas para el

rock

1 Espectáculo, 04-10-09

DVD Compre, la

temporada en DVD

1 En punto de vista 04-10-09

Líder Carlos Pizarro el

líder

2 Navarro busca

líder

04-10-09

Club Función del club… 1 Cuádruple

asesinato

07-10-09

Líder Nuestro líder 1 Valor indígena 08-10-09

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23

Chart Nº FOUR Variable National Newspaper EL COMERCIO

Subvariable Reports

Anglicisms Examples Word re p e ti tion nu m b e

r Title of the

article

Date

Smog Manto gris producto

del smog

1 Contaminación preocupa a todos

01-10-09

Software Tres softwares

hidrosanitarios

1 Internet, nuevos

tipos de ayuda

02-10-09

Rock El rock una forma de

vida

1 Una forma de

vida

03-10-09

Líder Una conjetura: y sus

líderes

1 Quinatoa confía

en dirigentes

04-10-09

Bus Un bus de la

institución…

1 Quinatoa confía

sus dirigentes

04-10-09

Rafting El rafting en ríos

torrentosos

1 En busca de

nuevas sensaciones

05-10-09

Líder En el grupo como

líder

1 Su historia se

revelò

07-10-09

(31)

24

Chart Nº FIVE Variable National Newspaper EL COMERCIO

Subvariable Sports

Anglicisms Examples Word re p e ti tion nu m b e

r Title of the

article

Date

Bunker En el bunker oficial 1 Liga sale con su

equipo completo

01-10-09

Champions Champions. Real

Madrid logró..

2 El Comercio.

Com

01-10-09

1 Manchester U.

ganó con apuros

01-10-09

Hard scramble

Las pruebas de hard

scramble

1 Calacalí será

sede de

01-10-09

Karting Copa Nacional de

Karting

2 La Copa

Nacional

01-10-09

Set El primer set 2 G. Lapentti

ganó y chocará nuevamente

01-10-09

Shifter Las categorías son:

rotax, shifter

1 La Copa

Nacional

01-10-09

Líder Colocándose líder… 1 Otros

resultados

01-10-09

3 David Fisher

fue la figura de la ESPE

01-10-09

Rally Rally. La final del

torneo

2 En breve 01-10-09

Club En la cancha

principal del club

2 G. Lapentti

ganó

(32)

25

3 Sixto Vizuete

llamó a Michael Jackson

01-10-09

1 Un club de

Kuwait se impuso

01-10-09

2 David Fisher

fue la figura de la ESPE

01-10-09

Tenis Tenis. Lapentti tuvo

problemas con

4 G. Lapentti

ganó y chocará con Giraldo

01-10-09

Web Nuestra página web 1 El Comercio.

Com

01-10-09

Gol Inchas esperan 2

goles

1 Liga sale con

todo

01-10-09

1 Sólo fútbol 01-10-09

Challenger Logró el challenger

de Quito

3 G. Lapentti

ganó y pasó

01-10-09

2 Los técnicos

ayudan desde las gradas

01-10-09

7 Salamanca se

enfrenta a Decoud

02-10-09

Club El Club deportivo 9 EMELEC

derroto a T. Universitario

02-10-09

5 Barcelona y liga

viven momentos de ansiedad

02-10-09

7 El club de

Japón se impuso en el torneo provincial

(33)

26

6 El Manta Yacht

club triunfó en las regatas

02-10-09

Fútbol Todo por el fútbol 2 ESPOLI buscara

la

clasificación…

02-10-09

1 Calacalí será

sede del fútbol inter

02-10-09

1 Barcelona y liga

viven momentos de ansiedad

02-10-09

Básquetbol Básquetbol un

documental….

4 Un documental

narra el básquetbol

02-10-09

Gol Un gol del volante… 15 El Manta Yacht

club

02-10-09

Tenis En el tenis, el

deporte blanco

2 Gómez se

quedo, A. Begemann venció

02-10-09

Bus Guayaquil 10

buses

1 Barcelona y liga

viven momentos de ansiedad

02-10-09

Rally El rally se

destacaron

3 Hirvonen y Loeb 02-10-09

Country Los cerros country… 1 El ambassador

cup

02-10-09

Cup El ambassador cup… 1 El ambassador

cup

02-10-09

Golf Golf el

ambassador….

2 El ambassador

cup

02-10-09

Ranking El titulo del IV

ranking

7 El club Japón

se impuso en el torneo

provincial

02-10-09

6 El Manta Yacht

club

(34)

27

5 Sharapova pasó

a finales

02-10-09

Set En el segundo set 2 A. Begemann

venció

02-10-09

Chat Hin-chat 1 El temlo del

chat

02-10-09

Optimist Regatas, clase

optimist

1 El Manta Yacht

club

02-10-09

Games Se disputaron 12

games

10 El Manta Yacht

club

02-10-09

Fútbol El campeonato de

fútbol será

1 Liga volvió a

Ecuador

03-10-09

1 U. Católica

busca su campeonato

03-10-09

Set Se destacó en el

tercer set

3 Salamanca se

enfrenta con Giraldo

03-10-09

Games El cuarto game fué

para Giraldo

1 Salamanca se

enfrenta con Giraldo

03-10-09

Club El Club Japón 2 El club Japón

se impuso en el torneo

03-10-09

2 U. Católica

busca su campeonato

03-10-09

2 Salamanca se

enfrenta con Giraldo

03-10-09

6 Barcelona gano

el partido

04-10-09

Games Esperó el tercer set 1 Salamanca y

Decoud disputan la final

(35)

28

Líder No pudo con el líder 6 Manchester U.

empato en casa

04-10-09

Web En la web Marvort 1 Marvort es la

sensación

04-10-09

Tenis La final de tenis 3 Salamanca y

Decoud disputan la final

04-10-09

Básquet El básquet nacional

no solo…

1 Marvort es la

sensación

04-10-09

Club De loa clubes salen 7 El templo del

hincha

05-10-09

2 El guapo de la

barra

05-10-09

2 La lógica se

impuso y los clubes listos

05-10-09

Fútbol Selección Nacional de

Fútbol

2 El guapo de la

barra

05-10-09

2 La lógica se

impuso y los clubes listos

05-10-09

2 Católica regresa

a la A

05-10-09

Gol El gol del partido 2 El templo del

hincha

05-10-09

Tenis En el partido de

tenis

3 Nico Lapenti

venció

07-10-09

Club En el club Batacá 2 Ecuador gana

una Medalla

07-10-09

1 Arianna Bakker

gana en Boston

07-10-09

Líder Es el líder de la

clasificación

2 La final del

nacional será en Latacunga

07-10-09

Internet En su sitio de

Internet

1 Nelson Piquet

Jr. Puede pasar a competir en

(36)

29 circuito

Fútbol Una mañana de

fútbol

5 Independiente del valle se

clasificó

08-10-09

4 2 días de pura

tensión

08-10-09

Tenis En torneo de tenis 2 Leon Pinto y

Lojan en torneo de tenis

08-10-09

Club Al clasificar el club 2 Ind. Del valle se

clasificó

08-10-09

(37)

30

Chart Nº SIX Variable Local Newspaper LA HORA

Subvariable News

Anglicisms Examples Word re p e ti tion nu m b e

r Title of the

article

Date

Bus Conductor del bus… 1 Mil 700 paradas

de buses

01-10-09

Casting Realizara el

casting”…

2 Las candidatas a

reina superaron expectativas

01-10-09

Web Es indispensable

que la Web

1 Arranca debate

con los tres proyectos de ley sobre la mesa

01-10-09

Líder Varios líderes de las

FARC tienen conexiones

1 Con varias

conexiones

02-10-09

1 Aun no se aclara

el autor de todos los manuscritos

02-10-09

1 El Alba anuncia

a los personajes

03-10-09

Excel Embarcación Men

Excel

1 Al menos 40

muertos en otro naufragio

03-10-09

Record Máximo a un record 1 200 candidatas

tras la corona

03-10-09

Bus El bus que va hacia 1 Ecuador con vía

libre para importar

04-10-09

Club Primera convocatoria

al club

1 Tenis club 05-10-09

1 Primera convocatoria

05-10-09

Junior Esta iniciativa de

junior achievement

1 Concurso internacional

05-10-09

Cheque Mil dólares y 75 1 Pesantez se

abstiene en

(38)

31

cheques… declarar

Dólar Mil dólares y 75

cheques

1 Pesantez se

abstiene en declarar

07-10-09

Fútbol Asistentes al juego de

fútbol

1 Seguridad en

Atahualpa

07-10-09

Marketing Estrategia más vieja

de marketing

1 Oferta al aire

libre

07-10-09

Squatter Parte del movimiento

Squatter Okupa…

1 Arte a partir de la

basura

07-10-09

Worldcob De negocios …

Representante de

worldcob

2 Galardón para 50

empresas

07-10-09

Bus Necesidad de vías

para buses

1 Desarrollo publico vial

07-10-09

2 Indígenas cerraron las vías

07-10-09

1 Arman operativo 08-10-09

1 Maestros protagonizaron

marchas

08-10-09

Dólar De dos millones de

dólares

1 Municipio podría

financiar

08-10-09

1 Indemnización

por más de 600 millones

08-10-09

1 Premian

periodismo con una visión social

08-10-09

1 Culpan a Fiscalía 08-10-09

2 Sector empresarial pide definiciones al

(39)

32 gobierno

3 319 productos

colombianos ya tienen arancel

08-10-09

1 América Latina

con excedente

08-10-09

1 Recuperación de

playas en México

08-10-09

Líder Fallecimiento de

líder

1 Aún no se aclara

el fallecimiento del líder

08-10-09

1 Con varias

conexiones

08-10-09

Mall Parte del servicio de

un mall debe

1 Inseguridad en

los

estacionamientos

08-10-09

(40)

33

Chart Nº SEVEN Variable Local Newspaper LA HORA

Subvariable Ads

Anglicisms Examples

Word

re

p

e

ti

tion

nu

m

b

e

r Title of the

article

Date

Cheque Por perdida del

cheque

23 Legal notices 01-10-09

Rock Concierto de rock 1 Músic 01-10-09

Web Páginas web en

servicio

2 Jobs and

Services

01-10-09

Fútbol Cursos de fútbol 1 Sports 02-10-09

Cheque Cheque anulado 1 Legal notices 02-10-09

CD Cds grabados 1 Merchandise 03-10-09

Full Toyota full equipo 11 Automobile 03-10-09

Blackberry Vendo blackberry 1 Cell phones 04-10-09

Spa Necesito señoritas

para spa

1 Beauty services 04-10-09

1 Beauty services 05-10-09

Chip Celulares nuevos

con chips en venta

1 Cell phones 07-10-09

Sexy Chicas sexy 2 Sexual services 07-10-09

Cheque Cheque anulado 18 Legal Notices 07-10-09

14 Legal notices 08-10-09

Full Súper atractiva full

reflax, en remate

26 Legal Notices 08-10-09

4 Legal Notices 08-10-09

(41)

34

Internet Venta de artefactos

por internet

38 Merchandise 08-10-09

Fútbol Fútbol en señal

abierta

1 Sports 08-10-09

1 Sports 08-10-09

Hamburgues a

Lluvia de

hamburguesas

4 Tv. Programs and

cinema

08-10-09

Tips Tips de belleza 1 Beauty Salons 08-10-09

1 Beauty Salons 08-10-09

2 Beauty Salons 08-10-09

1 Beauty Salons 08-10-09

(42)

35

Chart Nº EIGHT Variable Local Newspaper LA HORA

Subvariable Social Pages

Anglicisms Examples Word re p e ti ti on numbe

r Title of the

article

Date

Lobby El lobby del hotel

estuvo lleno de personas

1 El Sheraton

actualiza su imagen 5 estrellas

01-10-09

Robot Como racistas con

los robots

1 Entretenida pero

subrealista

03-10-09

Thriller Es un buen “thriller

No pasa

2 Entretenida pero

subrealista

03-10-09

1 Un “thriller” con

madre coraje

04-10-09

Fan Un grupo de fans se

lanzó el …

1 Gloria Trevi 08-10-09

1 Al filo de la

tragedia

08-10-09

Festival Que el Festival de

Cine de Hollywood

2 Favoritos al

Oscar

08-10-09

Filme Su rol en ese filme 2 Favoritos al

Oscar

08-10-09

1 Protagonizará “Depredador”

08-10-09

People People en Español 1 Gloria Trevi 08-10-09

Show Su show casi

termina en

1 Gloria Trevi 08-10-09

(43)

36

Chart Nº NINE Variable Local Newspaper LA HORA

Subvariable Reports

Anglicisms Examples Word re p e ti tion nu m b e

r Title of the

article

Date

Baby Gran éxito, Baby one

more time…

1 Shakira se operó

la nariz

01-10-09

Spa Un spa cacero 1 Un spa cacero

para relajarse

01-10-09

Casting Se realize casting 2 Las candidatas a

reina superan las expectativas

01-10-09

Fan Fans del fútbol 1 Fans del fútbol

en los escenarios

01-10-09

Fútbol Fans del Fútbol 2 Fans del Fútbol

en los escenarios

01-10-09

Dólar De los 200 mil

dólares y gastar…

1 Quevedo requiere

de hospital Regional

04-10-09

2 Cinco toneladas 08-10-09

1 Desmantelan red

de narcos

08-10-09

Fútbol La pasión en el

fútbol

1 Nicolás León

quiere nueva reelección

(44)

37

2 Sin los màs

laureados

05-10-09

Record Quito se acercan a

su record

1 Sin los más

laureados

05-10-09

Estrés Contra el estrés 2 Contra el estrés

de brazos

08-10-09

Folclor El folclor

latinoamericano

1 Con sabor a

Brasil

08-10-09

Jazz También incurrió en

el jazz

1 Con sabor a

Brasil

08-10-09

Web Más información en

la página web

1 Web 08-10-09

(45)

38

Chart Nº TEN Variable Local Newspaper LA HORA

Subvariable Sports

Anglicisms Examples Word re p e ti tion nu m b e

r Title of the

article

Date

Challenger XV edición del

challenger….

1 Comenzó a jugar

el tenis en el club Bancario

01-10-09

Ranking Dos puntos para el

ranking

1 Gómez avanza a

cuartos de final

01-10-09

Tenis Con los grandes del

tenis

2 Comenzó a jugar

el tenis en el club Bancario

01-10-09

Club A jugar al tenis en el

club

3 Comenzó los

juegos en el Tenis club

01-10-09

1 “Giova” pasa a

cuartos de final

01-10-09

1 Maria Andrea

gana prueba

02-10-09

Fútbol Partidos de fútbol

pertenece a …

2 Los contratos

listos

02-10-09

1 Martino prueba

suplentes en Paraguay

02-10-09

2 En la altura

hicimos lo mejor

02-10-09

1 Barcelona se

juega su campeonato

(46)

39

Challenger En el challenger se

enfrentarán..

1 “Giova va por el

título”

03-10-09

Fútbol Los participantes en

el fútbol

1 Le quedan cinco

finales.

04-10-09

Tenis Participó en tenis.. 1 Nico regresa de

Buenos Aires

04-10-09

Voleibol Voleibol

sudamericano

1 Por el título de

dobles

04-10-09

Fútbol De todo en el fútbol 1 Barcelona se

queda

05-10-09

Club A los dirigentes del

club

2 Una previa

entrevista a

07-10-09

3 Fanáticos del

futbol

07-10-09

2 El equipo del

Valle

acompañará a U. católica a la A

08-10-09

1 Clásico definitivo 08-10-09

1 Bolivia jugara su

último partido en la altura

08-10-09

Fútbol El seleccionador de

fútbol

1 El Seleccionador

de fútbol

08-10-09

1 Buscan una

plaza

08-10-09

(47)

40 último partido en

la altura

2 En la altura

hicimos lo mejor

08-10-09

1 Definido calendario para cuadrangulares

08-10-09

3 El equipo del

Valle

acompañará a U. católica en la A

08-10-09

Gol Consiguiendo tres

goles en el juego

1 El equipo del

Valle

acompañara a U. católica en la A

08-10-09

1 Aucas a tres

fechas de eliminarse

08-10-09

(48)

41

Chart Nº ELEVEN Variable Tabloid EXTRA

Subvariable News

Anglicisms Examples Word re p e ti tion nu m b e

r Title of the

article

Date

Bus En la parada de

buses

1 Le volaron la

cabeza

01-10-09

1 Atraco en buses 01-10-09

Web El estilo de web del

régimen

1 Falleció asesor

residencial

02-10-09

Bus Choque de bus con

auto..

2 Micro se llevó dos

vidas en Portoviejo

03-10-09

Póster Colección de pósters

de periódicos del …

1 Exposición fotográfica

03-10-09

Night club El night club New

York…

1 ¡Con dinero

robado bailaban chupaban y se drogaban

04-10-09

Shock La fiscalía determinó,

que tenía un shock.

1 Ambientalista acusado de

violación

05-10-09

Bus Buses pasaron sin.. 1 Indígenas levantan

obstáculos

07-10-09

Líder El joven rey y líder… 3 Estrangulo al

último hijo

07-10-09

2 Lo matan por

tener muchas mujeres

07-10-09

2 Atahualpa en la

historia

07-10-09

Power Gimnasio strom

power

1 Santo Domingo,

bajo la delincuencia

(49)

42

Scanner El supervisor de

scanner

1 Santo Domingo,

bajo la delincuencia

07-10-09

Supervisor El Supervisor de

scanner

1 Santo Domingo,

bajo la delincuencia

07-10-09

Whisky Y dos botellas de

whisky

2 Compadre violador se hizo humo

08-10-09

Web Informe en la web 1 Falleció asesor

residencial

08-10-09

Celular Seis celulares 1 Robaban a

estudiantes

08-10-09

Dólar 191 millones de

dólares

3 Capitán sargento

lideraban enorme red de droga

08-10-09

1 Compadre violador se hizo humo

08-10-09

Sexy El movimiento sexy

de sus caderas

1 Compadre violador se hizo humo

08-10-09

(50)

43

Chart Nº TWELVE Variable Tabloid EXTRA

Subvariable Ads

Anglicisms Examples

Word

re

p

e

ti

tion

nu

m

b

e

r Title of the

article

Date

Sexy Chicas sexy 5 Sexual services 01-10-09

Show Tokio Motor Show 2 Automobil 01-10-09

TireCity Sólo en TireCity 1 Merchandise 01-10-09

Tire Cooper-tires 2 Merchandise 01-10-09

Hot Chicas Hot 3 Sexual services 01-10-09

Sexy Chicas sexy 2 Sexual services 02-10-09

Cd Venta de cds 2 Merchandise 02-10-09

Golf Volswagen golf 1 Automobile 02-10-09

Hot Chicas Hot 2 Sexual services 02-10-09

Sexy Chicas sexy 1 Sexual services 03-10-09

Hot Chicas Hot 2 Sexual services 03-10-09

Market Hiper market en

ferrisariato…

1 Market 03-10-09

Poster Incluye sexy poster 1 Sexual services 03-10-09

Sex shop Tiendas Sex shop 1 Market 03-10-09

Spa Masajes deliciosos en

spa

1 Spa 03-10-09

Sexy Chicas sexy 2 Sexual services 04-10-09

Hot Chicas Hot 1 Sexual services 04-10-09

Club Villa club vendo… 1 Houses 04-10-09

Spa Nuevo spa 1 Spa 04-10-09

Night club Night club de lujo… 1 Sexual service 04-10-09

(51)

44

Fútbol Balones de fútbol en

Marathon

1 Sports 05-10-09

Sexy Chicas sexy 1 Sexual services 05-10-09

Hot Chicas Hot 2 Sexual services 05-10-09

Sexy Chicas sexy 1 Sexual services 07-10-09

Hockey Hockey y patín en la

clase

1 Sports 07-10-09

Mp3 Bien conservado

mp3 de música

1 Music 07-10-09

Hot Chicas Hot 2 Sexual services 07-10-09

2 Sexual services 08-10-09

Sexy Chicas sexy 3 Sexual services 08-10-09

Sex shop Todo en sex shop 1 Sexual services 08-10-09

Celular Compro celulares 1 Cell phones 08-10-09

Chat Chat sexy en vivo 2 Sexual services 08-10-09

Dvd Habitaciones amobladas, baño, tv,

dvd,

3 Real state 08-10-09

Festival Festival artistico

gratuito

1 Events 08-10-09

Full Mazda full equipo 4 Automobile 08-10-09

Hamburgues a

Lluvia de

hamburguesas

2 Cinema 08-10-09

Hatch back Modelo hatch back 1 Automobile 08-10-09

Kit Kit completo para el

crecimiento …

1 Healt 08-10-09

(52)

45

LCD Computadoras con

Lcd

2 Merchandise 08-10-09

Mp4 Varios mp4 1 Merchandise 08-10-09

Play station Vendo play station 1 Merchandise 08-10-09

Rating Rival en el rating 1 Sport 08-10-09

Smoking Vestidos de novias,

disfraces, smoking

1 Merchandise 08-10-09

Spray Nuevo spray para

prolongar…

2 Merchandise 08-10-09

Stock Toyotas 95 stock 1 Automobile 08-10-09

Swing Las nenas del swing 1 Event 08-10-09

Web Busque en nuestra

página web

1 Jobs and services 08-10-09

Webcam Portátil + webcam 1 Merchandise 08-10-09

(53)

46

Chart Nº THIRTEEN Variable Tabloid EXTRA

Subvariable Social Pages

Anglicisms Examples Word re p e ti tion nu m b e

r Title of the

article

Date

Fashion week

Categoría masculina

en el Fashion Week

2 Diseñadores mostraron su creatividad

01-10-09

Festival Festivales

gastronomicos

1 Los artesanos

exponen

01-10-09

Hobby La hípica leer

navegar en Internet un hobby….

2 Su perfil 02-10-09

Internet La hípica leer,

navegar en

internet….

1 Su perfil 02-10-09

Básquet Deportes que

practica, básquet,

fútbol

1 Pamela Ocampo 03-10-09

Club Otra del club … 1 Anita Lucía

Proaño imparable

03-10-09

Fútbol Deportes que

practica, básquet,

fútbol

2 Pamela Ocampo

Ximena Ramirez

03-10-09

Kits Entregó kits … 1 Pamela Ocampo 03-10-09

Sexy El hombre más sexy

del planeta

2 Vives rompe

records de venta

03-10-09

Record Vives rompe records

de ventas

1 Vives rompe

records de venta

03-10-09

CD En el Cd Vives

presenta..

1 Vives rompe

records de venta

03-10-09

Rock Estrella de rock… 1 Empeora salud

de Mercedes Sosa

03-10-09

(54)

47 decía a sus clientes

que podía.

no sabe que decir y se contradice

Show Su show está

pensado para..

1 A rumbear por

los 40 y 20

05-10-09

Dólar Millones de dólares

ganó

1 Su perfil 08-10-09

(55)

48

Chart Nº FOURTEEN Variable Tabloid EXTRA Subvariable Reports

Anglicisms Examples Word re p e ti tion nu m b e

r Title of the

article

Date

Fashion En Ecuador fashion

week

2 Elegancia y belleza

en ecuador fashion week

01-10-09

Marketing Marketing directo 2 La Buena imagen 01-10-09

Rating Aunque rating entre

fama o drama

1 Buen rating 02-10-09

4 Amigas y rivales 02-10-09

Set En un set pequeño

desde el calor …

1 Los gritos y saltos 02-10-09

Jeans Los jeans Levis son… 1 Mall Express bien

aniñado

02-10-09

Closet Es indispensable en

el closet

1 Un detalle para la

casa

05-10-09

Night club Damas de los night

clubes

1 En las tiendas 05-10-09

Fútbol y jugaron fútbol 1 El verdugo se va 05-10-09

Mall Las instalaciones del

mall del sur

1 Ruddy Rodrigez 05-10-09

Sexy Del deseo la sexy 1 Un detalle para la

casa

05-10-09

Bingo Realizó un bingo

benéfico

1 Diana Cruz 07-10-09

Chequeo Para los chequeos

visuales, así como…

1 El regalo de la

visión llegó gratis a 16 mil

peninsulares

(56)

49

Ticket A la entrega de los

tickets

1 El regalo de la

visión llegó gratis a 16 mil

peninsulares

08-10-09

Reality Ser parte de este

reality

4 Silvana todo un

ídolo

08-10-09

(57)

50

Chart Nº FIFTEEN

Variable Tabloid EXTRA Subvariable Sports

Anglicisms Examples

Word rep

e ti ti on numbe r

Title of the article

Date

Gol Con el chance del gol

average

1 Periscopio 01-10-09

Surf No se está

practicando el surf

por oleaje

1 Surf, un deporte 02-10-09

Fútbol Las autoridades del

fútbol

1 Que grande

Ecuador tiene a los 10 crucificados

02-10-09

1 Y hasta le rezan en

la csncha

02-10-09

1 Luchito recibira al

equipo

02-10-09

1 Como jugarle a

Uruguay …

02-10-09

2 Muchos colegas 02-10-09

5 La selección 02-10-09

Play off Se trata el inicio de

los play off

1 El comité de tenis

organiza Los Play off

02-10-09

Tenis El comité de tenis 1 El comité de tenis

organiza Los Play off

02-10-09

Club

 

Por gestiones el club

de leones

1 Entregaron premios

02-10-09

1 Los problemas del

club

03-10-09

(58)

51

2 Quieren resucitar

al Patria

03-10-09

3 Complot en

contra del club

03-10-09

5 Los problemas en

la Federación

04-10-09

4 Rio de Janeiro es

una locura!

04-10-09

6 Cuando no está

con la “tri”

04-10-09

4 Crack de norte el

equipo…

04-10-09

2 La sapada gigante. 04-10-09

Crack Crack del norte 1 Crack del norte el

equipo del cerro

04-10-09

Club 

 

Fue al club a

despedirse

4 Antes de viajar 05-10-09

3 Alex Bolaños

dentro del futbol

05-10-09

4 Alex bolaños se

confesó con Extra

05-10-09

2 Queremos el

puesto de Ecuador

07-10-09

Showbol El showbol nos da la

oportidad…

2 Queremos el

puesto de Ecuador

07-10-09

Gol Pronostican 2 goles

Ecuador..

4 Hoy Ecuador vs.

Argentina

08-10-09

Club  Salió del club 1 Que grande el

equipo

08-10-09

1 Elizaga tiene las

condiciones para tapar

08-10-09

(59)

52 de

3 Liga del Sur

organiza torneo

08-10-09

1 Hoy Ecuador vs.

Argentina

08-10-09

Beisbol Al torneo de beisbol 4 Liga del Sur

organiza torneo

08-10-09

Penalty Lanzamientos de

penalties

1 Guayas, campeón

de

08-10-09

(60)

53

QUANTITATIVE TABULATION

Chart Nº SIXTEEN

Variable National Newspaper “El Comercio”

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anglicisms

Section

f %

News 21 16,53

Ads 58 45,67

Social Pages 14 11,03

Sports 28 22.05

Reports 6 4,72

Total 127 100

 

(61)

54

Chart Nº SEVENTEEN

Variable Local Newspaper “La Hora”

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anglicisms

Section

      

 

News 16 28,08

Ads 15 26,32

Social Pages 8 14,03

Sports 7 12,28

Reports 11 19,29

Total 57 100

 

Author: Santos Marina Galarza Guevara 

 

 

 

 

(62)

55

Chart Nº EIGHTEEN

Variable Tabloid “El Extra”

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anglicisms

Section

      

 

News 14 15,39

Ads 38 41,76

Social Pages 15 16,48

Sports 10 10,98

Reports 14 15,39

Total 91 100

(63)

56

Chart N° NINETEEN

The Most Frequent Anglicisms (in all variables)

Anglicisms Word repetition

Number

Club

Full

Fútbol

Lider

Cheque

Bus

Internet

Web

Gol

Tenis

Sexy

Ranking

Dolar

Hot

Challenger

Festival

Games

Marketing

Blackberry

Email

Set

147

87

66

65

56

47

42

33

26

22

21

20

20

14

14

14

13

12

9

8

(64)
(65)
(66)
(67)
(68)

61 Lobby

Robot

People

Baby

Folklore

Jazz

Voleibol

Shock

Power

Scanner

Tire city

Hockey

MP3

Mp4

Hatch back

Laptop

Play station

Smoking

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

(69)

62

DISCUSSION

This section contains a summary of the research about the use of anglicisms and examples of some of the most common English words used in our language. The first part of the content is the Theoretical Background and it explains some terms that could create confusion if they are not completely clear and understandable. The second part is the description and analysis of the results.

Theoretical Background

The relationships created by the different human groups have had a big variety of causes and reasons, these have produced in the same way, a big variety of results, one of them is the changes in the language of the communities because it has been affected too.

Figure

Actualización...

Referencias

Actualización...

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