# TEMA 4. MÉTODOS INTEGRALES DE ANÁLISIS DE DATOS CINÉTICOS

52

## Texto completo

(1)

(2)

(3)

A B n n A A B

(4)

A A

A A





A

A

(5)

A

A

(6)

A A

A B n n A A B

A B n n A A A B

(7)

A B n n A B A A

2

(8)

n A A A

0 0 A A A A

0 1-n 1-n A A

0 A A

0

A A

(9)

A0 A

0 A A

A

A

n A A A

A 0

A

A

A 0

A

A

(10)

(11)

(12)

(13)

A

3

-1

A0

A

A

T

(14)

A

A

A 0

A

A 0

A

0 A A

0 A A

(15)

A

-1

A

-1

0 A A

-2

-1

(16)

1/2

0 n-1 1/2 n-1 A

A f

0 1-n A f n-1 A

(17)

0 n-1 1/2 A

0 1-n A f A

A0

1 /2

A0

1 /2

(18)

1 1 2 2 f A f A

### REACCIONES DE PRIMER ORDEN

1 1 2 2 (1-n) f A (1-n) f A

0,25

0,75

0,25

0,50

0,5

0,75

(19)

1/2

A0

-1

(20)

0 n-1 1/2 A

A0

1 /2

A0

1 /2

(21)

0 A A

0 A A

0 0 A A A

(22)

A B n n A A B

A B n n A A A B

B B0 A0 A

### a

B C A 0 0 0 0 n n n A A B A A C A A

0

## ))))

0 0 0 0 0 A B B A A A B A

0 0 A A B A A

A

B

(23)

A B n n A A B

(24)

### se aplicará el método del exceso tantas veces como

C A B n n n A A B C

A n A A

C B 0 0 n n B C

0 0 0 B C A

0 0 B B C C

BO

A0

(25)

1 -1 k k

### pP(g) + qQ(g) + …

Q A B P n n n n A 1 A B -1 P Q

## ))))

B A 0 0 P Q 0 0 0 0 n n A 1 A B A A n n -1 P A A Q A A

(26)

A

B

1 -1 k k

### R(g)

0 A 1 A -1 R 1 A -1 A A

### dt

0 eq. 0 eq. 1 A A A A A A

### C - C

eq. 0 0 eq. 0 eq. A A A 1 A A A A

eq. 0 eq.

A 1 A -1 A A

### dt

eq. 0 eq. 1 A -1 A A

(27)

A

(28)

### EJEMPLO (III)

0 0 0 0 0 A 1 A -1 R 1 A -1 A A A A 1 A A -1 A A A A 1 A -1 A

eq. eq. 1 A -1 A

eq. eq. 1 A -1 A

### X

A eq. A 1 A -1 A X t A 0 o A A

eq. eq. A A A

A

B

(29)

A

Ae q .

A

Ae q .

1

-1

eq. eq. 1 A -1 A

(30)

(31)

### CARACTERÍSTICAS DEL REACTOR DE FLUJO PISTÓN

C o n v e rs n d e A , X A

Distancia a lo largo del reactor

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A0

A0

0

A0

As

A

As

A

s

A

s

A

As

### SALIDA

C o n v e rs n d e A , X A

Distancia a lo largo del reactor

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A0

A0

0

A0

As

A

As

A

s

A

s

A

As

(32)

A A

A A

0 A A A

### C = C (1 - X )

0 0 n A A A A A A A

A

0 A A A

A

0

A A

(33)

(34)

A

-1

A nA

(35)

A

A

A

-1 0 0

A

(36)

A

A

(37)

### p+q+...

A A A X =1 X =0 A X =0

0 A A

(38)

0 0 B A

0 0 I B

0 0 0 I B A

### 4

A A A X =1 X =0 A X =0

### A

A A A X =1 X =0 A X =0

(39)

0 A A A

A

A0 A

0 A A A 0 A A

0 A A A A A

0 0 B A A B A A

(40)

(41)

A0

A A A A

A A

0 A A

0

0

### ))))

n A A A A A A A A A

(42)

A

A

A0 A A A

0 A A

0 A A A

0 A A A A A A A

(43)

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## Referencias

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