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Resumen­­El  presente  estudio  propone  una  alternativa  para  el  mejoramiento  de  las  técnicas  de  piernas  en  Karatecas, a partir de  la aplicación de un programa de  Capoeira  como  un  medio  complementario  en  la  formación  de  los  deportistas  iniciantes,  el  estudio  se  realizó  con  los  niños  y  niñas  de  los  Clubes  Deportivos  Formativos  “Yoshitaka”  y  “Empi”  de  la  provincia  de  Pichincha. Se partió  verificando a través de estadísticas  de las planillas oficiales de competencias de Kumite en las  categorías infantiles, donde se observó el deficiente uso de  técnicas de piernas y se procedió a evaluar mediante test  técnicos las 4 patadas que se consideran principales en 57  deportistas  de  los  clubes  mencionados  en  las  edades  de  entre  9  y  11  años,  ratificándose  la  deficiencia  en  la  ejecución  según  un  perfil  técnico  de  evaluación,  posteriormente se aplicó durante 4 meses y medio con una  frecuencia  de  1  y  2  veces  por  semana  un  programa  de  enseñanza  aprendizaje  de  Capoeira,  arte  marcial  brasileño, donde se prioriza el uso de técnicas de piernas,  movimientos  y  acrobacias,  aspectos  ideales  para  una  propuesta  como  deporte  complementario  con  una  perspectiva lúdica y muy adaptable a los requerimientos  motrices  de  los  niños  en  estas  edades.  Los  resultados  al  término  del  programa  fueron  satisfactorios  evidenciándose  una  mejora  significativa  en  la  ejecución  de  las  4  técnicas  de  piernas  promediándose  un  27%  de  incremento  en  los  valores  obtenidos. Además  se  aporta  con una base estadística importante para el análisis de los  principales errores técnicos, útil para la planificación de  las acciones correctivas.     

Abstract: This research proposes a choice to improve the performance of leg techniques in Karatecas, based on a Capoeira training program which could be used as a supplementary means of formation of karate Do beginners. This study was carried out amongst children who belong in the karate studios Yoshikata and Empi in the province of Pichincha. The research verified kumite statistics  sheets  taken  from  children’s  category  official  tournaments where a bad application of leg techniques was observed. Therefore, and evaluation was carried out on 57 children from the dojos previously mentioned. These children’s ages ranged between 9-11 years old. As a result, we came to the conclusion that those techniques

–according to the evaluation standards- hadn’t  been executed properly. Later on a Capoeira training program was implemented for over 4 and a half months once or twice a week. This Brazilian Martial art (Capoeira) combines rhythm, techniques and rituals which are targeted to a great performance of kicks, moves and stunts,  that’s  why  its  inclusion  as  a  complement  for Karate Do practice is advisable and might help develop motor skills in children. The results after the completion of this training were highly satisfactory and show an improvement in the four essential leg techniques, consequently  it’s  estimated  that  a  27%  advance  in previous parameters was reached. In addition, a new data base is being shown, and displays an analysis of fundamental technical mistakes that were found. The study clearly becomes a valuable contribution which will eventually allow us to apply corrective measures.

Key words--karate, capoeira, sports initiation, leg

techniques, supplementary sports

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